Allow children to skate only on approved surfaces. Ice skating should be done at regulated rinks and not on ponds, rivers or other bodies of water that might be only partially frozen. Check for signs posted by local police or recreation departments to find out which areas are approved.
-Advise your child to skate in the same direction as the crowd. Avoid darting across the ice.
-Never skate alone.
-Do not chew gum or hard candy when skating.
-Wear appropriate clothing and safety equipment.
-Keep sledders away from motor vehicles and bodies of water.
-Children should be supervised. Keep young children separated from older children. Avoid sledding in overcrowded areas.
-Sledding feet first or sitting up, instead of lying down head-first, may prevent head injuries.
-Sleds should be structurally sound and free of sharp edges and splinters, and the steering mechanism should be well lubricated.
-Sled slopes should be free of obstructions like trees or fences, be covered in snow not ice, not be too steep (slope of less than 30 degrees) and end with a flat runoff.
- Sledding injuries can be very serious, resulting in head trauma, neck trauma, and broken bones.